Monday, June 8, 2020

Yoga for the Sewing Enthusiast!

A bit of yoga will help with making all those masks and buff/gaiters!
  • Seated Twist
  • Interlaced hands up over head
  • Letter "T" arm circles
  • Down Dog hang at the craft table or kitchen counter
  • Seated or lying #4, or Pigeon Pose
  • Cow Face arms with a hand towel
Those quick little poses come to mind for helping ease low back and upper back pain from being at the sewing machine hunched forward so much.

Try it.

Let me know your favorite pose!

Yoga with Gail

p.s.  I have several free youtube videos on how to ease your back pain at:


Be sure to subscribe and click the bell to get my weekly updates!  Chair yoga too!

Tuesday, January 7, 2020

Featherweight Case


        ========================================
        Case Information for the Featherweight
        ========================================
  


From: Kristina Santilla 

I find all the minute differences between the machines facinating.I don't know what you mean by an older case, but the earliest cases I
know of (early AD) had a hanger inside for the foot to hang on. The piece on the foot pedal that gets pressed down was a knobby metal ring, not a
plastic knob. The earliest case I have (for a later AD) has a green inside and tray, and gold colored locks. The handles were leather til sometime
between AF & AG. And the lift out trays seem to have disappeared during the AJ's.
----------------------------

Saw the item about clips in the FW cases.  There are two types of FW cases one with the lift out tray and one with the tray fastened to the left inside wall. Both types have a clip which takes an oval shaped oil can.  Also on the
inside of the tray are some little hooks.  These are for hanging the Singer screwdriver, which is formed from heavy wire and looks something like a button
hook.  I've found both items in antique shops usually the oil can is pricey and the screwdriver can be found in the "smalls" box with button hooks and
bottle openers.
----------------------------

FW carrying cases....Well, I just bought one manufactured by C & L Enterprises.  It's a padded nylon case
with a double zipper.  It also has a zippered front pocket for foot pedal, book, etc., plus heavy duty handles and a detachable padded shoulder strap.
 It comes in red and black, costs $55 plus $5 shipping/handling.  I really like mine and would highly recommend it.  Their address and phone number is as follows:

   C & L Enterprises
   P.O. Box 289
   Quincy, IL  62306
   Phone: (217) 222-8910
   Fax:    (217) 222-6053

Hope this helps!
----------------------------

From: Marilyn 
Subject: Soft Case^?^?

Someone was asking where to get the soft case made for FWs.  I found an ad
in the current QNM.  The price is $55 plus $5 s & h.  The address is:
                        Jean S. Lyle
                        P.O. Box 289
                        Quincy, IL  62306

Phone is 217-222-8910.
----------------------------
 
While I was there, I ran across another case for Featherweights. This
looks like a well made case, it has soft padded sides, and a stiff bottom
with lots of pockets for accessories.  Comes in Navy, purple, and black and
sells for 55.95 plus shipping. Can be ordered from:
A'BOUT
P. O. BOX 2294
MT. PLEASANT, TX 75456
1-800-441-9168
903-572-4109
I also bought an oval Singer oil can for my FW.
----------------------------
 
 
----------------------------

From: Calypsew
Subject: Replacement cases & FW Prices

Last Christmas, DH purchased a very nice replacement case for me and my FW,
because I take her to classes and wanted to keep my original case in good
condition.  He purchased it at the Pincushion Boutique in Davis, CA for $75.
 It is a wooden case, the size, shape and weight of the original.  The number
for Pincushion Boutique is 916-758-3488.  Every time I take my machine out
with this case, other owners ask me about how to get one.  I am sure the
cordura bags are nice, too,  but this case is as classy as FW.
----------------------------
 

From: mehalick
Subject: interesting things I learned at the singer line today

2. The Singer customer service gave me the name of a man in Kansas(?)
Andy Fields. His number is 913-566-3788.
He makes both a reproduction wooden case, and a
reproduction table.  His cases are wooden, with a handle and painted
black. They sell for $55 plus shipping and handling.
The reproduction tables are $198. They have wooden legs with black enamel
trim and the top is a natural birch top.  I have not
seen his stuff, but would love to know if anyone has seen his
case, and if it is worth the money.

----------------------------
 
From: BXTJ10A
Subject: Featherweight Case Handles
 
   If you need a handle for your Featherweight case a possible source might
be your local music store.  We have a music store which sells instruments
to the local high school and they have a guy who repairs the instrument
cases.  He comes in once a week to pick up broken cases and leave the ones
he's repaired.  He didn't have any handles but let me look through his
catalogs and I found some made of leather that are very close to the
originals.  The only problem was that he rarely orders from that company
and their minimum order was $50.00 so I now have 3 extra handles which I
will sell for $12.00 ea. if anyone needs one and can't get it locally.  He
also had latches which work just fine but don't look like the originals.
                                Al in IL
 ----------------------------

From: FRXV68A
 
Hi Fanatics-
For anybody that may not have a carrying case for their featherweight, I
can supply black foreign made cases that are very similar to the original
case. They are leatherette covered and have key-locking latches. Pretty
good quality for the money and quite sturdy. $36 plus shipping.
E-mail to frxv68a@prodigy.com if you would like more information.
----------------------------

From: TJanson280
Subject: Featherweight's black box

Hello Fellow FWF's!

I just wanted to tell everyone what I had done to my "black" FW box.

 The carrying box that came with my FW machine was totaled out.  A real
mess!!!  It had sat in a mildew basement for a long time by the looks and
SMELL of it!  PHEW!!
Anyway, the black cloth was very loose and barely attached on the edges only.
 Amazingly enough though, both the latches and handle were intact.

I've heard that a few people have refinished the wood underneath, so I gave
it a whirle.  After ripping (holding my nose at the same time) the mildewy
black cloth off, I had to re-glue most of the box.  It had come apart all
over.  The bottom was out and the lid fell off, along with a lot of places on
the sides.  Each side of the box is made up of about 4 sections of wood in
varying widths and then glued together.  The corners are "finger jointed"
(notches that interlock together with the other side corners).  This helped
in the re-glueing process.

After glueing, I sanded it well and stained it with "Min-wax" puritain pine
color, painted the inside with black paint, then varnished it.  WellAhhhh!!!
 I now have a beautiful wood stained box for my FW to reside in.

It really does look nice and smells a whole lot better too!  It's not "black"
anymore but heck, it's still my FW box, and now usuable.

So don't give up hope if your FW box is a disaster.  I'm here to say "What's
underneath is just as beautiful (if not more!)"   :)))
--------------------------

From: Mark 
Subject: Re: smelly machine
Content-Transfer-Encoding: 7bit

Cheryl said: I have a featherweight that I love but my family thinks it smells. 
If I have had it out during the day and put it away before husband comes home, he says he can still "smell" that machine and I haven't even told him I was using it.
> 
> This weekend my 12 year old daughter and I are going to a quilt camp and I
> want her to enjoy the sewing time - how can I make my featherweight smell
> "fresh"?

First, leave the machine out of it's case for awhile.  Most of the
machines pick up the odor from their cases, I believe it is the glue
used in the cases that creates that lovely smell.  Put the case with an
opened box of safeguard soap in a sealed plastic bag aside for at least
three weeks.

Then, if you want to to eliminate the odor from the machine, take off
the plate from the bottom of the machine.  You will find a felt like
gasket under that plate.  Take it out and trace it onto an old pizza box
or other similar cardboard.  Cut out the new replacement gasket and put
it in place of the felt like one.  The felt like material can absorb
odors and make the machine smell badly, also the spool felt can absorb
odors as well.  You can get replacement spool felt discs at any Singer
dealer.  Once you have replaced these felt items, and leave the machine
out of the case for a few weeks, the machine's odor should go from
strong to mild and possibly nonexistent over time.  This idea was
suggested to me a long time ago by the late Dale Pickens and it works
like a charm.

I have tried so many methods, in the past, to get my case to smell
better, including airing outdoors, activated charcoal, baking soda,
fabric softener sheets, baking soda, cedar, etc., etc. and nothing works
like the safeguard soap - no other brand seems to do the trick.  BTW,
the odor won't leave completely, but I keep the opened box of soap in my
case all the time and it is just "ok" with that.  I only put the machine
in the case to transport from one place to another, then it is taken out
immediately once I am at my destination.
One other thing, I saved the original felt gasket from the underside of
my FW, the pizza box remains in place.  I sealed it in a zip lock bag
(so it didn't smell up other things) and just left it.  I didn't want to
discard any original parts to my machine.
Linda
------------------------

From: thimble
Subject: FW case odor

I have been following the trail of  FW case odor and offer these hints
from my experience. I too am highly allergic to molds and have a violent
sneezing and shortness of breath when opening the FW case, so I am pretty
convinced that white powdery stuff is mold. My guess is that in the
history of these FW cases that most were stored on the floor of a dark
closet until needed. Not likely that the original owners kept the case in
a dry, airy place for too long if the machines were originally purchased
for mending.

(we make much better use of them nowdays!)

POSSIBLE SOLUTION: I wiped the inside and outside of my FW case with Lysol
and put it in the sun to dry. This was not too effective since in near the
beach in SO CA near it is never really "dry". Baking soda had only minimal
effect and did not get rid of the odor.

BETTER SOLUTION: So I came up with the following for mild mold cases based
on a theory about glue.

1.Keep the FW case in a dry upstairs room, up off the floor, with lots of
air circulation. Never in a dark closet or on the floor.

2. Place GEL SILICATE packages in the case when it is closed. I got
several in boxes along with new shoes. These little packages absorb the
moisture inside the case. So far, the odor is greatly reduced and no new
white mold has grown on either the inside or outside of the case in 2
years. The odor is very slight and I can live in the same room with the
case.

3. Perhaps those of you who have had success with other remedies live in
dryer climates for at least part of a year. Near the beach we experience
dampness and fog daily so there is no way to get the case completely dry,
but providing the gel silicate bags seems to do a pretty good job in
creating a better environment for the inside of the case. It might be
better for the machine too as it would cut down on moisture trapped inside
and prevent rust to machine parts.

This is just a guess, but I think the GLUE used in the case construction
is the reason why FW is the culprit. My case has a vinyl cloth on the
inside and that would certainly trap moisture between the box and the
cloth. Hide, rabbit skin,animal hoofs and blood are often used in
woodworking and to "paper" or size canvas. I remembered that in art class
we learned to prepare rabbit skin glue/sizing for our oil paint canvases.
Each can of dry crystals came with a gel silicate package inside and we
were instructed to keep the glue crystals in a dry place. Our instructor
told us that rabbit skin glue (and I would guess this is true for hide or
hoof glues too) tends to mold easily. This type of glue is effective in
sealing the linen canvas from the paint oils and in drawing up the canvas
tight to the frame.

It occured to me that perhaps these older FW cases might be made from
pressed cardboard, wood or pressed sawdust and they may have used this
cheap and effective glue. All the hide glues are still used in industry
and for woodworking, although there are better glues available today.
The glue crystals, prepared with hot water, will deteriorate quickly and
mold when cooled--they must not have been stabilized with an agent to
prevent molds. It is highly likely that these cases were made with animal
glues, but even if wheat paste glues were used, the result would also be
mold formation. Anyway, that's my two cents worth. Hope it helps. --Lynn

Lynn Laughrin (thimble@silcom.com)
----------------------------
From: Sue Arnold 
Subject: Soft, padded FW Case

Hi,

I just returned from a 5-day weekend (the best kind) with my mini-quilt
group.  Four of us transported our FWs by plane.  In order to cut down on
weight I put mine into a Rubbermade File box (they fit perfectly), but the
handle is VERY uncomfortable.  As I plan to take my machine away for
weekends often, I'd love to locate one of the soft padded cases I used to
see for sale at big quilt shows.

I apologize if I could find this quickly looking at the various web sites,
but if they're still available and someone could let me know where. . .I'd
certainly appreciate it.  I haven't kept up with the list for months, so
I'm sorry to ask if I should know where to look.

BTW, I had a wonderful time piecing on my FW--hadn't used it for
years--since I got my Bernina 1130, I guess, but it's heavy!

Back sore from sitting at your computer or sewing machine for hours on end?
Go visit Gail's Chair Yoga Fitness website for a set of yoga poses to 
assist in easing back pain! 

Sunday, September 15, 2019

Featherweight Bobbins

========================================
Bobbin Information
========================================

From: Shelley440
Subject: From a true FW Fanatic

Regarding bobbins, this is a new topic.  I like the old ones that came with
my first machine.  They have an extra little hole in the rim to run the
thread through when starting to wind a bobbin.  I bought a box of the new
bobbins and they don't have that little hole.  I am constantly sorting out
bobbins so I can use only the ones with the little hole, wish I could find
more of that kind.
----------------------------

From:(Carrie Bryan)
Subject: bobbin winding on a 1934

Margaret says,
> I can loosen the knob on the wheel, but the needle still goes up and down
> when I am winding the bobbin.

My 1934 does the same thing, but only at the start of bobbin winding.  When
I get the speed up, the needle stops.  I don't worry about it.
----------------------------

From: O2bQuiltin
Subject: Re: FW Fanatics Digest 

In a message dated 95-09-28 07:04:20 EDT, you write:

The only problem I am having is in winding the bobbin.  I
can loosen the knob on the wheel, but the needle still goes up and down when
I am winding the bobbin.  Any thoughts on what I can do to remedy this?

I have had this to happen occasionally, but give the wheel a extra twist or
two, and it stops. It's not good to have the needle going up and down, I
guess, but I wouldn't take it to the mechanic.
----------------------------

From: LyndaQults
Subject: Bobbin Winding and "reproduction Featherweights"

I bet everyone is getting sick of this,  but "MIMI SAYS' ,  When we were in
class, Mimi mentioned that it is very common for the needle to still go up
and down when winding a bobbin despite having lossened the wheel.  Apparently
she couldn't find any good solution for this problem.
----------------------------

From: David Weisbrod 
Subject: Bobbin Winding

Well, well, well!  You know that rusty ole FW I rescued?  It is home from
the shop and it sews real good.  Its ID starts with AL which tells me it
may be a 1955 model.

According to my 80 yr ole Singer repair man, about 50 of these models were
recalled by Singer.  The bobbin housings were manufactured in Canada and
the specs were a bit off, causing the thread to wound around the bobbin
and get all tangled up.

Back in '57, before the recall, two of these models were given to Larry
for fixing.  It took him awhile but he eventually tracked down the cause
and found a solution by doing a little grinding here and a little grinding
there.  Now that he knew what had to be done, he told the Singer District
Manager to give the machines to him to correct the problem, but the recall
was official and all these models were returned to Singer.

Except....Yep, you guessed it.  I got one of those.  When I cleaned the
rust from the bobbin shuttle, I had to remove some old tangled thread.  At
the time, I thought how odd that the owner didn't bother to remove the
thread.  Now I know why. >BG<> I think Larry must be the only Singer
repair man in the U.S. who knows how to correct this little problem.  He
also feels that the machine was hardly used because of it.  Now that it's
all fixed, I have a back-up to my '38.  And even though it was hardly
used, it sure looks like it has been to war and back.

In running it through its paces to learn its idiosyncracies, I found that
the needle goes up and down when winding the bobbin.  Holding the stop
motion screw during the winding process stops the needle action.  For
those who have this happening, let us know if this works for you.

----------------------------
From:  (Gail Pickens-Barger)
Subject: Bobbin Winding problems

Hi All!
Bobbin Winding Problems:
>
The only problem I am having is in winding the bobbin.  I can loosen the
>knob on the wheel, bu the needle is still goes up and down when I am winding
>the bobbin.

My Mom, Deloris Pickens had the following to say:  "The trouble is in the
belt.  The belt is too thick in one place where it joins--most likely.  If
you purchase a new belt (the 17 1/2 inch size) then this should take care
of this problem."

If you cannot find a belt, then give my Mom a call and you can purchase
one from her.  Mom has most all of the accessories that go with a
featherweight, original manuals, and current has about 70 FW's, of all
varieties and vintages!  Her number is (580) 765-6125.

----------------------------

From: (Gordon D. Jones)
Subject: Singer sewing machines

About the needle bar going up and down while winding a bobbin.  On some
machines, the clutch (knob on wheel) will not release fully.  One of mine
is this way, so I just put my finger on top the looper arm.  This prevents
it from going up and down during bobbin winding.  Having the needle go up
and down during bobbin winding doesn't hurt any thing as long as the foot
is up.  Having the foot down with no cloth present means the feed dogs are
grinding on the bottom of the foot, metal to metal, which is not good!

----------------------------

Subject: Misc.

From: Terry  

The first FW I purchased in 1984 had a touch of rust in the bobbin case
and the bobbins didn't turn smoothly.  Through a friend I was able to
purchase a new bobbin case wholesale for under $20.  It is a TOWA Bobbin
Case, Made in Japan.  Unfortunately this never worked properly causing
thread jams so I went back to the original case, wiped the inside with a
touch of Singer oil and it has worked perfectly ever since.  The rust itself
isn't rust-colored, just a black, rough spot in the silver finish.  Has
anyone else had trouble with a TOWA Bobbin Case?  Any solutions?

----------------------------

From: Jgm1011
Subject: Re: FW Fanatics Digest

I also wanted to try to provide some info about removing threads from the
bobbin area. The machine I bought was used very little because the woman's
engineer brother had tried removing the bobbin case holder the wrong way and
broken off the finger and it's expensive to have replaced. The directions in
NJS's book don't seem detailed enough to me, so I thought I'd quote from my
book and hope it helps some of you:
"If there is any one thing to plague the user of this almost perfect
machine, it is the tendency to lock up. The tolerance is so close in the
bobbin case-hook assembly that a single thread or piece of lint can lock it
up.
1. To correct, remove screws and lift away the needle plate.
2. Remove pressser foot.
3. Remove the bobbin case.
4. Loosen screw (as in NJS's book) and move retaining shield outward.
5. Remove bobbin case holder (the part with the position finger) and clean
the area thoroughly. Check the track (groove) inside hook.
6. To replace, reverse above steps (Use caution when replacing the small
screw)
7. Replace remaining bobbin case components and position bobbin case holder
with position finger UP.
8. Replace needle plate with slot over position finger of bobbin case
holder."

The man who fixed my featherweight said he often saw the finger broken off,
so BEWARE. I think the most important part is to remove the needle plate
first and I don't think NJS says to do that. Sue M.

----------------------------

From: Penney Gurrola 
Subject: Re: FW bobbin cases

Hi, the prices for FW bobbin cases from 'A Stitch Back In Time', are actually
$72.00.  The prices keep going up from my supplier.  I do have packs of 4
bobbins for $1.40.  (800) 352-1174

Thanks, Penney in Lubbock, TX

----------------------------

From: Sweigak
Subject: Ramblings :)

DID You know...Kolleen checked this out for me and apparently the bobbin
cases are identical for the 301 and the FW. Thought this might help someone
find one to salvage. Thanks Kolleen.

----------------------------

From: LyndaQults
Subject: Bobbins

Lydia,
Just yesterday, I was at my local fabric store buying bobbins for Leanne in
Australia.  Singer bobbins are easily available in my area at New York
fabrics,  I think that it is Joanne  Fabrics by you.  The bobbins are 4 for
1.50  and are item #2137  marked for singer sewing machine models 221 and
301.  hope this helps.      Lynda Carswell

----------------------------

From: (MR PHILIP G HAYS II)
Subject: FW Bobbins

For Lydia Pratt:
FW bobbins should be available at your singer dealer or many places
selling sewing supplies.  They are still marketed by Singer, item #2137,
pack of 4 at $1.65 retail.  In addition to Singer, they are available at
the wholesale level from Brewer Sewing Supplies in Chicago.  Your local
sewing dealer probably already buys from them, so ask him to stock them.

----------------------------

From: Sweigak
Subject: FW  Bobbin Source

Newark Dressmaker Supply carries FW bobbins:  item number BB34, price .55
each or $5.50 for a dozen.  Their phone number is 1-800-736-6783. Their
address is:

Newark Dressmaker Supply
6473 Ruch Road
Lehigh Valley, PA18002-0730.

These bobbins will also fit Singer 301s. Hope this helps someone. Katy

---------------------------
From: (Karen S. Nantz)
Subject: FW Bobbins

I don't know if this has been discussed--so bear with me if it has.

I have owned in the last 4 years seven different FWs--all ages and
conditions.  Some has come with bobbins and some have not.  What I
have noticed is that the original bobbins are not the same as the
after market bobbins.  The original bobbins have an extra small
hole toward the core of the bobbin.  I don't know what it's used
for, but I do know that when I use these bobbins in the machines,
they sew better than the ones that don't have it.  In fact, a
tension problem on one machine disappeared when I used an original
bobbin.  It's not the height of the bobbin--we used calipers to
measure and they are exactly the same.

Anyone else come across this?

K. Nantz

----------------------------

Subject: White FW Bobbin Winder
From: Terry 

SUE IN MINNESOTA:  With regards to the white FW you purchased and
discovered the broken bobbin winder.  I bought a black FW with the same
problem.  Last spring I purchased a replacement winder from a sewing machine
shop in Tempe, AZ for about $12.  It looks almost identical to the original
black one.  I also have a white FW.  I just went to my studio and removed
the winder from the white FW and put on the reproduction bobbin winder and
as long as I apply pressure with my finger so it makes better contact with
the belt, it winds a perfect bobbin.  Perhaps if I tightened the screw a bit
more, I wouldn't have to press with my finger at all.
 
 The original white winder matches the white machine but the "wheel"
that makes contact with the belt is black. My replacement winder is black
with a silver "wheel" so it does not match the white machine.  I don't know
if they are available in white but if you really want to keep your machine
maybe the black would suit you.
 
 I question why the bobbin wound on a black FW wouldn't work in your
white FW.  It sounds as if this white machine was not in working condition to
begin with, not to mention that the bobbin winder was obviously broken.  Why,
if the seller didn't tell you the machine was broken, are you expected to
pay the cost of shipping if you return the machine? And why is "she"
pressuring you to make a decision in just two weeks?  I don't think that is
fair and frankly it makes me angry. Many of us order things from sellers on
this digest and depend on their honesty and integrity.  I hope everything
works out well for you, Sue.

----------------------------
Goodness, is your back sore from being at the computer or sewing machine for hours on end?  
Go to Gail's Chair Yoga Fitness website for a set of yoga poses seated on the chair to help ease back pain!

Friday, September 13, 2019

Buttonholers and books

Mom has a few buttonholers and books left!  Give her a call
Deloris Pickens at 580-765-6125.  deepickens@gmail.com


Back sore from too much time sitting at the computer or sewing machine?  Come visit Gail's Chair Yoga Fitness site for a set of seated chair yoga poses to help ease back pain!

Wednesday, September 11, 2019

T-Shirt Tutorial done on my Singer Featherweight 221 "Zippy"!

Tutorial for T-shirt Pillow: A Square Flanged Envelope Pillow Tutorial from a

T-shirt. By Gail Pickens-Barger, http://love2sew4fun.blogspot.com/

What you will need

Size Adult L - T-shirt (or larger)
14 " square pillow form
Matching or contrasting Thread
Sewing Machine
Pins
Sizzors

1. Cut up the sides of the t-shirt.
2. Cut a 19 inch by 19 inch square from the front of the T-shirt.


3. Cut two(2) 19 inch by 13 inch panels from the back of the T-shirt (see photo), this will make the envelope portion of the back of the finished pillow. One of the panels, I used the edge/bottom of the T-shirt, so that I do not have to sew an edge on one of the panels.



4. On one of the 19 by 13 inch panels, sew 1/4 inch from the edge, on the long end. Then turn 1/4 inch, sew again, turn once more 1/4 inch and sew the 1/4 from the edge. Or finish the edge with your favorite technique. (see Photo)



5. Pin the two back pieces to the front piece, RIGHT SIDES TOGETHER (see
photo). Place the panel with the t-shirt hem first, then place the panel that you sewed the edge second, having the hemmed edges overlapping. (The t-shirt
hem will be on the outside of the finished t-shirt pillow.)





6. Stitch All around the pillow with a 1/2 inch seam allowance. Cut corners diagonally. Trim the seam allowances.




7. Turn RIGHT SIDE OUT. Press. (T-shirt hem is the outer layer, as show in this photo.) ====>



8. To make flange, stitch 2 inches from the outer edges. (You may want to use contrasting thread or stick with a matching thread.)

9. Insert 14" pillow form thru back opening.








10. There you have your square flanged envelope pillow.


Notes: The Larger the t-shirt size, the more room you'll have to center the design into the square. This particular shirt was very close to the neckline, so the design is not "centered" on the square pillow.



Back sore from sitting at the computer or the sewing machine?  Come on over to Gail's Chair Yoga Fitness site for a set of chair poses to help ease back pain!

T-shirt into a Square Flanged Envelope Pillow Tutorial by Gail Pickens-Barger is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United States License.
Based on a work at love2sew4fun.blogspot.com.
Permissions beyond the scope of this license may be available at http://love2sew4fun.blogspot.com/2009/04/t-shirt-into-square-flanged-envelope.html.

Tuesday, September 10, 2019

Mr. Issac Singer's History - Singer Sewing Machines

=================================

Mr. Singer's History

=================================
From: (Gordon D. Jones)
Subject: Old sewing machines

Most collectors of antique sewing machines say a machine must be 100 yrs
old to be classed as an antique.  Sewing machines have been manufactured in
quantity since the 1850's.  During the last half of the 19th century, there
were around 200 companies manufacturing sewing machines in the US.  Of
those, less then 20 survived after the turn of the century.  Of the
surviving companies, none of the machines are manufactured in this country
today, not even Singers.  White sewing machines have been manufactured in
Japan since 1974 and New Home was sold to the Janome company of Japan in
1960.

If one is looking for a treadle machine to decorate your home (I have about
a dozen treadles), it will most likely be a Singer.  Why?  It is estimated
that Singer manufactured 21 million machines by the year 1900, and they
continued to make treadle machines through 1930.  You will certainly run
across other names as well.  The Smithsonian book " The Sewing Machine
It's Invention and Development" (unfortunatly out of print now), lists
about 4000 sewing machines names that were manufactured by less than 20
companies.  Names such as, Jones ( I have two of these - surprise!),
Duchess, Essex, Pet, Princess, Queen, McDonald,  etc.  These machines were
sold by every department store and Mom & Pop store in the country, hence
the large number of different names.  There was a McDonald dept. store in
the town I grew up in Nebraska, do you suppose??  National, Standard, A. G.
Mason, Davis, New Home, White, and Free made most of these machines for
others.  Singer never put any name but Singer on a machine he manufactured,
with one exception.  In 1905, Singer bought out the Wheeler and Wilson
company and continued to use the Wheeler and Wilson name on some models for
a short time.

Singer is the most successful sewing machine company in the US because of
the founder, Isaac Merrit Singer.  He was a marketing genius, a former
Shakespearean actor that new how to sell.  He was also successful in the
capability to mass produce parts for sewing machines that were
interchangable.  This, he borrowed from the firearms industry.  Before
1850, parts were hand made not interchangable.  The man who is recognized
as having contributed most to the mechanical development of the sewing
machine is Allen Benjamin Wilson.  He invented and received a patent for
the rotary-hook stitch forming mechanism in 1850.  He developed the four
motion feed (motion of the feed dogs), and received a patent in 1854.  All
modern sewing machines use a rotary hook and four motion feed.  A. B.
Wilson formed the Wheeler and Wilson company(Wheeler had the capital),
which was second only to Singer in numbers manufactured from 1850 until
1880.  Wilson was in poor health and had to quite the business, otherwise
the company would most likely have been number one.  I have  a  Wheeler and
Wilson #8, made about 1880. It's a delightful machine.
-------------------
From: Dawn Scotting 
Subject: More bits and pieces
From Gordy:
Singer never put any name but Singer on a machine he manufactured, with
one exception.  In 1905, Singer bought out the Wheeler and Wilson
company and continued to use the Wheeler and Wilson name on some models
for a short time.

The man who is recognized as having contributed most to the mechanical
development of the sewing machine is Allen Benjamin Wilson. He invented
and received a patent for the rotary-hook stitch forming mechanism in
1850. He developed the four motion feed (motion of the feed dogs), and
received a patent in 1854. All modern sewing machines use a rotary hook
and four motion feed. A. B. Wilson formed the Wheeler and Wilson
company (Wheeler had the capital), which was second only to Singer in
numbers manufactured from 1850 until 1880. Wilson was in poor health
and had to quite the business, otherwise the company would most likely
have been number one. I have a Wheeler and Wilson #8, made about
1880. It's a delightful machine.
----------------------------
Subject: RESPONSES AND TIDBITS
From: Terry (

The following information was gleaned from a March 3, 1986 article in Time
Magazine:

Singer (quote) plans to spin off its sewing operations to a separate firm
owned by Singer shareholders thus ending a 135-year old tradition.....The
market started to unravel in the mid-1970s when sales began declining from a
peak of 3 million units a year...Singer correctly read the writing on the
wall. Its sewing business had become an albatross.
Mahatma Gandhi called the Singer sewing machine "one of the few useful
things ever invented." Admiral Richard Byrd carted six Singers with him to
the Antarctic. During the late 19th century, Russia's Czar Alexander III
ordered workers to use the machines to make 250,000 tents for the Imperial
Army.
"Isaac Merritt Singer [said]: "I don't care a damn for the invention. The
dimes are what I'm after." He eventually pocketed about $13 million, some
of which supported the 24 children that Singer fathered by two wives and at
least three mistresses. (unquote)
----------------------------
Subject: singer history
Date: Sat, 13 Jan 96 02:04:00 PDT

SUE M.

I hope someone can help me with an historical Singer question. I've been
reading the Sincere history (I finally made myself a copy, so I wouldn't have
to keep borrowing it from the library) and I can't quite get the timeline
right. After the war, Singer went back to making the same old machines, which
I presume is where the 301 fits in (another straight stitch machine with the
slant needle variation).The author then says that Singer finally came out
with a marketable zigzag called the Slant-o-matic (which I assume is the 401
with a copyright date of 1958 in my manual). Later in the book, he says that
when Singer came out with the Touch & Sew series around 1960, they gradually
picked up some of the ground lost to the foreign companies. My question is:
was the 401 only really marketed for a couple of years, to be replaced by the
Touch and Sew (which went on forever)? It also seems strange that so many
301's survived since they were being sold when zigzags were the rage. Just
wondering - I would dearly love to find a complete history of the Singer
company - too bad the author moved to White after the war. Sue M.

I know the 401 wasn't the 1st zig-zag...the 319 came before that one.
Our listowner has one of those...they use a funny needle and smaller
cams. There was one other one before the 319...it may have been a 273?
I probably have that number wrong, but I know there was one more zig-zag
before the 319. The 401a was produced between 1960 and 1963 according
to singer, when I called them to try and date mine. They can't give an
exact date on it, though they can give an exact date for a model 99 made
at the same time....oh well. I don't know if the 401 came before the
401a, or what the differences were. I'll have to stop by
my local sewing machine guru's shop next week and see if he can help us out
with these deep questions. His dad was a singer man in the old days.
He still has some of his dad's sales books, which give information and
descriptions on the machines of the era. I wish I could get him to part
with one of them. Maybe he will copy one for me.

----------------------------
From: Kristina Santilla
Subject: History

Hi all!
I finally found an article that tells why the FW and its big
sisters were given the pink slip by Singer. The Dec. 20, 1958 issue of
Business Week has an article entitled *More push overseas for Singer
sewing*. Apparently the "Old Guard" at Singer believed they knew just
what consumers wanted in a sewing machine and were whammied by Necchi and
Pfaff importing zig-zag machines. Then they were double whammied by the
Japanese with low priced machines. When Singer finally figured out what
hit them, Singer was only selling 1/3 of the household machines on the
market, compared to 2/3 prewar. "Still... Singer continued to rest
chiefly on its old reliables-heavy, black(with gold lettering),
straight-stitch models dating from pre-war days."
Singer's answer was to finally install a new president along with
less conservative executives whose marketing stategies included heavy
advertising, pushing models with prices under $69 instead of over $300,
and for the first time selling through 70 department stores and dime
stores. I remember reading that much earlier Singer had sold through
Wannamaker's but that was different in that all Singer salespeople there
were factory trained and it actually operated more like a Singer outlet.
Foreign markets became more important to Singer as foreign
sales climbed to 60% of total income. Singer decided to produce locally
whenever possible. Previously the St. Johns, Canadian plant had exported
as much as 80% of its production to Latin America and the Clydebank,
Scotland plant was supplying both Great Britain and the U.S. About this
time they opened plants in Brazil, Mexico and Australia to supply local
areas. This article also mentions that the plant at Clydebank had 13,000
employees, and I read somwhere that that factory was so important to
Glascow that a Singer sewing machine was put on the city's coat of arms.
I guess we should be glad that the Singer people didn't catch on
sooner to the change in the consumer wants, or it would be even harder to
find a Featherweight.
----------------------------

Subject: more Singer bio plus a little history

Well, you all got me interested in this Mr Singer and I have always been
interested in history so I went to our little local library to see what I
could find. di nada! Not even in the encyclopedias. humph! So I was
talking to the librarians about this before I left, oh, because they were
showing me how to use our MCAT computer that we just got so we can search all
the libraries in the state of Maine. (I did find The Invention of the Sewing
Machine by Cooper which should be coming to me by InterLibraryLoan.) So I
went home feeling grumpy because of living where there isn't any anything and
the librarian called me about an hour later and said she just remembered that
when she read *Life at the Dakota* by Stephen Birmingham, Random House, 1979
that it had a chapter with a lot about Singer! This is because Edward Clark,
the man who built the Dakota (an absolutely fabulously unique apartment
building in NYC which still stands today and yes where John Lennon lived) was
the lawyer who was Singer's partner. So I got to read that and it was
interesting and later I was talking to my Mom, (who is 82) about this because
she grew up in NYC. Recently Mom went back to college at 78 and got her
Master's in History and she said *well of course, I wrote a paper about Isaac
Singer for my History of Technology course!* Yes she still had it!!!! I was
astounded, to put it mildly. It's a very good paper and has an excellent
bibliography, if anyone is interested in it I will xerox and send it via
snailmail - I mean the Bib. She also had a list of her course readings and
some it it is very interesting. The invention of all this technology did not
necessarily free women up. In fact one book is called *More work for mother*
The point being that many many families (not just the upper classes) farmed
out a lot of their house work - ie went to laundresses, seamstresses, bakers,
etc. With the loss of servants and the increase of new machinery Mothers
started doing all the things that had been delegated to others before - so,
although the work was easier, there was more of it! An interesting point.
Enough for today, which is better than the good old days! Henrietta in Blue
Hill, Maine (Httacl@aol.com)
----------------------------
From:
Subject: Re: more Singer bio plus a little history

Hi Henrietta. Hi all.
Yes, I did read that Edward Clark was Singer's Partner. I think he was a
lawyer and a crafty one. He did get one up on Singer, which I understand
was a hard thing to do. I did not know that he built the Dakota, but I'm
very familiar with the building. I go next door to the Dallas BBQ as often
as I can. Great food there. Singer was a wild man. If I recall correctly
he had about 5 "wives," and sometimes he had wives 2 at a time, and 20 kids.
His genious was not in inventing, although he was OK at "improving" things,
but at marketing. The sewing machine was originally aimed at tailors, but
Singer invented the idea of marketing to housewives. My dad called me
yesterday with some old newspapers he had bought and was reading to me from
them. He said there were alot of ads for sewing machines from various
companies, and the Singers were advertised at $75 to $100, not a cheap sum
by any means, especially for 1860. One of the marketing techniques
mentioned that there was a shortage of household help so that the sewing
machine was really necessary so that the homemaker can get the clothes sewn.
I can't wait to get my hands on the papers so I can read the ads myself.
Henrietta, I would be most interested to read your mom's paper.
----------------------------
From: (Brenda Dean)
Subject: Mr. Singer and other things

**************************************************************************
Actor, inventor, super - salesman, lover and sewing machine guru.

Issac Merritt Singer was born in New York in 1811. His ambition was to be an
actor , but his parents were poor German immigrants with a large family and
no money to spare. Singer began his working life as an apprentice to a tool
and machine maker. He left this job to join a travelling theatre group,
which gave him the opportunity to try his hand at acting but failed to make
him rich. The group eventually went broke and a penniless Singer turned to
inventing as a means of earning a living. Whilst working with a tool
manufacturer in Virginia he came across a sewing machine in need of repair.
He studied the machine and considered it clumsy and unreliable. He knew he
could build a better machine himself and after only eleven days Singer
produced his first prototype.

Singer took out his first sewing machine patent in 1851. The Singer
Perpendicular Action Sewing Machine was offered for sale all over America.
Singer was a showman at heart and enjoyed demonstrating his machines at
fairs and circuses all around the country. Within two years he was selling
more machines than any other single manufacturer. This did not impress Elias
Howe who had taken out the first sewing machine patent in 1846. Singer was
using a mechanism similar to the one used by Howe and Howe demanded payment
from Singer for infringement of his patent. A long legal battle followed and
the press of the day reported on Singer's theatrical performances in court,
but in the end Singer admitted defeat paying Howe $15,000 in settlement of
Royalties.

Over the next twenty years the number of SM manufactures grew from seven to
more than thirty and the sales of sewing machines from 5000 in 1854 to more
than half a million in 1874. (Singer selling more than 50% of these.) His
success wasn't simply due to a better product but because he offered only
one or two models at any one time and adopted a new approach to selling. He
used pretty girls to demonstrate his machines in luxuriously appointed
showrooms. He introduced payment by installment, gave after sales service
and encouraged his customers to take advantage of generous trade in
allowances. (It's interesting to note that Singer destroyed many good sewing
machines used as trade ins to reduce the number of second- hand machines on
the market.)

Singer did leave some time for other persutes! By 1867 he had fathered 18
children by a variety of wives and mistresses and his conservative business
partner, Edward Clark, became concerened at the effect this immoral
lifestyle could have on the business. Clark presented Singer and his family
lived first of all in Paris, France then in Devon, England where Singer died
in 1875 at the age of 63. At the time of his death he had married five times
and fathered 22 children!

After his death the family continued to mingle in the best social circles.
Singer's son Paris had an affair with the famous dancer Isadora Duncan which
resulted in the birth of their son Patrick whilst Singer's widow, Isabella
is reputed to have been Barthold's model for the statue of Liberty.

The Singer company went from strength to strength and by 1891 ten million
Singer sewing machines had been made.......
----------------------------
From: Graham Forsdyke (100661.3256@CompuServe.COM)
Subject: Singer Contribution Pt 1

By popular demand
Singer's sex life Part one
LIKING, as I do, a neat turn of phrase, I enjoyed tremendously the short
profile of Isaac Merritt Singer given by the Torbay Civic Society in its
leaflet available at Singer's house "Oldway Mansion".
The leaflet spoke of his fleeing to France whilst being sued for
alimoney with seven co-respondents being named, but said that, once there,
his "philoprogenitive predilections" once more came to the fore and he gave
six children to yet another woman. This prompted me to dig deeper into the
marital and extra-marital activities of the 19th-century bluebeard.
Isaac Merritt Singer lived over half his life in a hand-to-mouth sort of
existence, frequently poor, and when wealth was thrust upon him he was
able to spend the next 25 years making up for lost time.
He was born in Schaghticoke, New York. In early manhood he moved to
Waterloo, New York, where he got work as a wood turner.
He was married in 1830 to Catherine Haley and their first child was
born four years later.
Even then it seems he was much given to consorting with other women, being
quite popular with the fair sex on account of his natural ability as an actor
and imitator.
In 1837 a second child was born to them in New York City where they were
living, and this year was the last he spent with his first wife before going
on the road as a strolling player.
Wife number two was an 18-year-old Baltimore girl Mary Anne Sponsler.
Singer saw her one night from the stage of the theatre in Baltimore where
he was acting and sought her out. It wasn't long before they were living in
New York as man and wife, having quite conveniently quarreled with his legal
wife at the same time.

He told his new companion when she insisted that he must marry her that he
would do so as soon as he was able to get a divorce. Miss Sponsler had to
share a great deal of poverty with Singer in a relationship which lasted 28
years. She took lessons to fit herself for the stage and the two, under the
name of Mr and Mrs Merritt, played temperance pieces in churches all over
the country.
They followed this life for 14 years. They were wretchedly poor and everything
they had in the world was in the one-horse wagon with which they wandered from
town to town.
Whilst they were in Chicago Singer invented a reaping machine and later an
engine for carving wood type. This was the start of the Singers' fortune. In
1850 he had completed the inventions that made up the Singer sewing machine.
He returned again to New York, but this time he set up a stylish
accommodation at No. 14 Fifth Avenue. The first, and only true, Mrs Singer
seems then to have been forgotten and banished to an apartment in Brooklyn.
Number two was everywhere regarded as the inventor's wife, her visiting cards
and invitations to parties that she gave bore the name of Mrs I M Singer. She
ordered goods at stores as Mrs Singer and Singer paid all the bills. She and
Isaac visited her parents at Baltimore as man and wife and so registered
wherever they stopped in hotels.
She bore him 10 children, which added to the two from Catherine Haley, brought
his score at this date to a round dozen.
----------------------------
From: Graham Forsdyke (100661.3256@CompuServe.COM)
Subject: singer part 2

Singer's love life part two

In 1860, 24 years after he had left his first companion, he legally
divorced Catherine Haley Singer.
If Mary Sponsler thought that this was the beginning of their real
romance she was very wrong. Seven months after the divorce Miss Sponsler,
riding in her own carriage, saw him with Mary McGonigal. Se stood up in
her carriage and screamed abuse at her common-law husband.
When Singer came home he beat Mary Sponsler and eventually she had him
arrested, but they later married.
At the suggestion of the company, Singer then left for Europe, and in the year
that he was away it was revealed that he had been living with two other women
in New York City who both thought themselves his only companion.
That same Mary McGonigal had born him five children. He and she lived together
as Mr and Mrs Matthews. Miss Mary E Water, who lived with him under the name of
Mrs Merritt, had added another child to the list.
Singer's absence also allowed his solicitors to deal unhindered with Mary Anne
Sponsler who sued for divorce and was awarded $8,000 alimony, then the largest
amount ever obtained. Singer's lawyers managed to parley this down to a smaller
figure, but threw in one of Singer's large and valuable houses as part of the
deal.
Within a month she had secretly married one John E Foster, not telling any of
her family of the ceremony for fear that it would jeopardise the divorce
settlement from Singer.
But she hurt herself badly in a fall from a chair and believing herself to be
dying told one of her daughters of the marriage. As this daughter's husband was
an officer of the Singer company and knew which side his cloth plate was oiled,
Isaac Merritt soon learned of the secret wedding and caused his divorced wife
to relinquish all claims upon him and to vacate the house. She went to live
with Foster.
The fifth regular lady then appeared in his wife. She was a French woman who he
had met during his year abroad. On June 13 1865, seven weeks after wife number
two had renounced her claims upon him, he was married to Isobel Eugenie Boyce
under the name of Isobel E Sommerville, and with her went to Paris to live.
Whilst he was there a great house was built in the New York suburb of Yonkers,
and when it was finished the pair returned there to live, inviting hundreds to
the house-warming party.
But few turned up. Even Singer's great wealth and fabulous parties couldn't
undo the reputation that he had built and most of the invited guests thought
it best to stay away.
----------------------------
From: G Forsdyke (100661.3256@CompuServe.COM)
Subject: history

1) First marketed domestic sewing machines were available in the mid 1850s from
a host of companies, mostly in the new- England area of America and in the
Midlands of England.
2) Singer first marketed in the mid 1850s but initially he aimed at industrial
users.
3) Singer did not invent a machine in toto but like most other pioneers added a
particular detail improvement. Most important patents were the Wheeler and
Wilson four motion feed, Howe's eye-pointed needle and horizontal shuttle (now
thought to be bogus) and Bachelder's feeding device and vertical needle (bought
by Singer), Morey and Johnson's presser foot (bought by Singer) and Singer's
own heart-shaped cam to move the needle bar.
4) Cost of family-type treadle machine would have been around $100 in 1860,
reducing to around $10 in 1890.
5) Big names in 1850-60s were Grover and Baker, Singer, Wheeler and Wilson,
Howe, Weed, Royal, Bradbury, Jones etc.
6) Only USA England and Germany played any real part in early manufacturing
7) No reliable figures for total machines sold but by 1860 Singer had made
25,000; by 1870, 127,000.
8) First American sewing machine patent was in 1842 granted to John Greenough
using a two-pointed needle with a central eye. First practical patent was to
Englishman Thomas Saint 1790 but in the ISMACS archive is a 1638 patent but it
seems more theory than a practical propsition.
----------------------------
From: brenda@ismacs.com.au (Brenda Dean)
Subject: Mr. Singer and other things

**************************************************************************
Actor, inventor, super - salesman, lover and sewing machine guru.

Issac Merritt Singer was born in New York in 1811. His ambition was to be an
actor , but his parents were poor German immigrants with a large family and
no money to spare. Singer began his working life as an apprentice to a tool
and machine maker. He left this job to join a traveling theatre group,
which gave him the opportunity to try his hand at acting but failed to make
him rich. The group eventually went broke and a penniless Singer turned to
inventing as a means of earning a living. Whilst working with a tool
manufacturer in Virginia he came across a sewing machine in need of repair.
He studied the machine and considered it clumsy and unreliable. He knew he
could build a better machine himself and after only eleven days Singer
produced his first prototype.

Singer took out his first sewing machine patent in 1851. The Singer
Perpendicular Action Sewing Machine was offered for sale all over America.
Singer was a showman at heart and enjoyed demonstrating his machines at
fairs and circuses all around the country. Within two years he was selling
more machines than any other single manufacturer. This did not impress Elias
Howe who had taken out the first sewing machine patent in 1846. Singer was
using a mechanism similar to the one used by Howe and Howe demanded payment
from Singer for infringement of his patent. A long legal battle followed and
the press of the day reported on Singer's theatrical performances in court,
but in the end Singer admitted defeat paying Howe $15,000 in settlement of
Royalties.

Over the next twenty years the number of SM manufactures grew from seven to
more than thirty and the sales of sewing machines from 5000 in 1854 to more
than half a million in 1874. (Singer selling more than 50% of these.) His
success wasn't simply due to a better product but because he offered only
one or two models at any one time and adopted a new approach to selling. He
used pretty girls to demonstrate his machines in luxuriously appointed
showrooms. He introduced payment by installment, gave after sales service
and encouraged his customers to take advantage of generous trade in
allowances. (It's interesting to note that Singer destroyed many good sewing
machines used as trade ins to reduce the number of second- hand machines on
the market.)

Singer did leave some time for other persutes! By 1867 he had fathered 18
children by a variety of wives and mistresses and his conservative business
partner, Edward Clark, became concerned at the effect this immoral
lifestyle could have on the business. Clark presented Singer and his family
lived first of all in Paris, France then in Devon, England where Singer died
in 1875 at the age of 63. At the time of his death he had married five times
and fathered 22 children!

After his death the family continued to mingle in the best social circles.
Singer's son Paris had an affair with the famous dancer Isadora Duncan which
resulted in the birth of their son Patrick whilst Singer's widow, Isabella
is reputed to have been Barthold's model for the statue of Liberty.

The Singer company went from strength to strength and by 1891 ten million
Singer sewing machines had been made.......

**************************************************************************
From: Clay & Shelly Leihy (clay-l@k2nesoft.com)
Subject: Singer in NYT, motor cleaning, etc.

Hi all! Thought I'd post another couple of NY Times articles. Thanks to
all who replied with follow-up info to the last one. I was going to post
the July 1951 article about Singer's exhibit on 2000 years of sewing,
but at about half the length of the entire column, it's a lot of typing!
(Though if enough people insist, I could add it to our website.) Anyway,
here goes:
------------------------------------------------------------------------
The New York Times, September 17, 1951 (page 32)

"SINGER PLANS EXHIBIT
100th Anniversary of Patent to Be Marked This Week
ELIZABETH, N. J., Sept. 16--
The 100th anniversary of the patenting of the first Singer sewing
machine will be observed by the Singer Manufacturing Company at its
recreation building here for two weeks, beginning tomorrow. The
observance, a company spokesman said, will include exhibition of new and
old sewing machines, demonstrations of a variety of unusual uses for
sewing machines and exhibits of activities here.
The programs will be given nightly, Monday through Friday, from 7 to 9
o'clock, with the 9400 employees of the local Singer plant and their
families attending on specified evenings. Sept. 22 has been set aside
for the Singer Veteran Employees [sic] Association, composed of retired
and active workers on the company payroll for forty years or more.
Cooperating in the celebration is the Diehl Manufacturing Company in
Finderne, N. J., a Singer subsidiary, whose employees [sic] are among the
total of 20,000 to whom the company is expected to play host."
------------------------------------------------------------------------
The New York Times, February 24, 1955 (page 42)

"Advertising and Marketing News"

The Singer Sewing Machine Company has a new junior-size machine and a
new marketing plan. It is introducing a precision-designed miniature
sewing machine for children, to be offered both as a toy and as a primer
for the neophyte.


 Further, the company, which for seventy years has been retailing its
products through company-owned sewing centers exclusively, will sell
through toy shops and department stores, through Joseph J. Bartnett,
Inc., sales representative. The new policy will apply only to the
miniature machine, called the Sewhandy, according to Charles F. Bruder,
Singer vice president.


 F. A. O. Schwarz, toy retailer, will be the first to handle the
machine, and a special window display is planned during the American Toy
Fair next month.


 Mr. Bruder expects national distribution to be completed by June 1, and
a national trade and consumer advertising program is in the planning
stage, through Young & Rubicam, Inc. The theme will be 'Mother, daughter
and dolly appeal.' The machine will retail for $12.95, with the case
extra."
------------------------------------------------------------------------

Need back relief from sitting so long at the computer or sewing machine?  Visit Gail's
Chair Yoga Fitness website

Some other sites with Singer History |
The History of the sewing machine Howe and Singer
| A bit of info
on Issac Singer
| Antique Sewing Machine C. Law
Singer History
|

Singer Featherweight 221 Information

Have a little facebook group for Featherweights at Gaileee's Singer Featherweight 221 Sewing Machine group on facebook.

Or click https://www.facebook.com/groups/157457531160/ )

Been getting quite a few new people on the group. Just click on over and request to join! Here's a nice link for y'all to save and use! How to oil your sewing machine - and the Featherweight is shown in the example. Nice!
***NEW***

What Every New Singer Featherweight 221/222 Owner Should Know

Important Featherweight TENSION - Instructions